Da Nang Worker Housing
ARCH 744 Architecture Studio V: Comprehensive
Professor: David Rockwood
The studio asked student teams to propose solutions for worker housing in Da Nang, Vietnam. Vietnam, as is the case with many developing countries in Asia, is experiencing rapid economic growth, and with it, a mass migration of people from the rural areas to the urban centers. Migrants seek better paying jobs to raise the standard of living for themselves and their families. However, most jobs in the growing economy are in the industrial or service sectors, and unskilled workers will typically be initially placed in relatively low paid entry-level positions. Therefore, it is difficult for them to afford housing meeting even minimum standards for thermal comfort, sanitation, and floor area per person.
Da Nang, along with two of the other largest cities in Vietnam – Ha Noi, and Ho Chi Minh City – have been funded by the government for creation of high-tech parks. Many of the workers will likely be employed in electronics assembly, though others will work in tourist service or the garment industry. Da Nang officials estimate the population will increase from the current 1 million residents to 2 million in the next 10-15 years. The vast majority of the new residents will be rural-to-urban migrants.
This students team employed a courtyard typology, using a stepped height profile for sun access and control. Massing is broken down into 5 meter widths to match the typical local row house street front dimension. A variety of unit types are provided to accommodate families or singles. Orientation, ventilation, and sun screen shade types were designed to provide interior human comfort without recourse to air conditioning. Access to rooftop gardens allows workers grow food and maintain a connection to their farming background. Courtyard social spaces and terraces on the west side of the building are provided for the occupants. The ground floor contains spaces for commercial uses and motorbike parking.