SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE
UNIVERSITY OF HAWAIʻI AT MĀNOA

Da Nang Worker Housing

Nicholas Civitano, Priscilla Nogueira, Duc Tran
ARCH 744 Architecture Studio V: Comprehensive
Fall 2015
Professor: David Rockwood

The studio asked student teams to propose solutions for worker housing in Da Nang, Vietnam. Vietnam, as is the case with many developing countries in Asia, is experiencing rapid economic growth, and with it, a mass migration of people from the rural areas to the urban centers. Migrants seek better paying jobs to raise the standard of living for themselves and their families. However, most jobs in the growing economy are in the industrial or service sectors, and unskilled workers will typically be initially placed in relatively low paid entry-level positions. Therefore, it is difficult for them to afford housing meeting even minimum standards for thermal comfort, sanitation, and floor area per person. 

Da Nang, along with two of the other largest cities in Vietnam – Ha Noi, and Ho Chi Minh City – have been funded by the government for creation of high-tech parks. Many of the workers will likely be employed in electronics assembly, though others will work in tourist service or the garment industry. Da Nang officials estimate the population will increase from the current 1 million residents to 2 million in the next 10-15 years. The vast majority of the new residents will be rural-to-urban migrants.

This student team employed a courtyard typology typical of larger buildings in Vietnam, using a stepped terrace profile for sun access and control. A variety of unit types are provided to accommodate families or singles. Careful attention was given to orientation and ventilation to provide interior human comfort without recourse to air conditioning. Access from each unit to small gardens allows workers grow food and maintain a connection to their farming background. Multiple spaces of different scales and character are offered for social and/or commercial uses. 

KAHAKAI

PUKA

ʻŌ ʻŌ

LANI

ʻAWAPUHI

LOA

MĀLAMA

MAHINA

HAWAI‘I

MELEMELE

MELE

PAʻAKAI

POLŪ

KANAKA

HULI

ʻŌLENA

MOANA

UILA

KAHAWAI

WA‘A

MOKUPUNI

MOLOKA‘I

KĀNE

LAUHALA

I MUA

MAUNA

KULEANA

KUMU

ĀNUENUE

HAU‘OLI

‘OLI

HO‘OPONO

ʻAHI

ʻUMEKE

HUI

HOʻOKUPU

KAHO‘OLAWE

PIKO

WAILELE

MANA‘O

KAPU

PALI

AUPUNI

ʻOHE

‘ONO

LIMU

MOKULELE

POKE

ʻELEʻELE

PILI

KUKUI

‘OHANA

MAUKA

LEI

ONIPAʻA

KAMA‘ĀINA

ʻULU

WIKIWIKI

HEMA

AKUA

KEʻOKEʻO

KĀLUA

HĀLAU

ʻĀKALA

AHU

MAKANI

MAHALO

MAU LOA

IKAIKA

ʻALANI

MAUI

ʻAʻALA

AKAMAI

NALU

ʻŌLELO

ʻILI

ʻUALA

POKO

PUʻU

INOA

HIKINA

ʻILIʻILI

WAI

PUKAANIANI

AHI

HANA

HULA

ALANUI

HINAHINA

HAPA

MALIHINI

AHUPUA‘A

KOMOHANA

HEIAU

PŌHAKU

ʻULAʻULA

KOHOLĀ

WAHINE